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18. With reference to the above passage, the following assumptions have been made :
1. The Right to Education guarantees teachers' accountability for the learning process of children.
2. The Right to Education guarantees 100% enrolment of children in the schools.
3. The Right to Education intends to take full advantage of demographic dividend.
Which of the above assumptions is/are valid?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

3. Consider the following pattern of numbers :
8    10   15   13
6     5    7     4
4     6    8     8

_    _   __   __
6    11    16    ?

What is the number at? in the above pattern?
(a) 17
(b) 19
(c) 21
(d) 23

 Directions for the following 3 (three) items:
The following three items are based on the graph given below which shows imports of three different types of steel over a period of six months of a year. Study the graph and answer the three items that follow.

7. Directions for the following 4 (four) items :

Read the following four passage's and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.

Global population was around 1.6 billion in 1990—today it is around 7.2 billion and growing. Recent estimates on population growth predict a global population of 9.6 billion in 2050 and 10.9 billion in 2100. Unlike Europe and North America, where only three to four per cent of population is engaged in agriculture, around 47 per cent of India's population is dependent upon agriculture. Even if India continues to do well in the service sector and the manufacturing sector picks up, it is expected that around 2030 when India overtakes China as the world's most populous country, nearly 42 per cent of India's population will still be predominantly dependent on agriculture.

7. Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?
(a) Prosperity of agriculture sector is of critical importance to India.
(b) Indian economy greatly depends on its agriculture.
(c) India should take strict measures to control its rapid population growth.
(d) India's farming communities should switch over to other occupations to improve their economic conditions.

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam - 2018 : Answer Key  & Expected Cut off

Directions for t he following 4 (four) items:
Read the following passage and answer the four items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passage only.
It is no lour, enough for us to talk about providing for universal access to education. Making available schooling facilities is an essential prerequisite, but is insufficient to ensure that all children attend school and participate in the learning process. The school may be there, but children may not attend or they may drop out after a few months. Through school and social mapping, we must address the entire gamut of social, economic, cultural and indeed linguistic and pedagogic issues, factors that prevent children from weaker sections and disadvantaged groups, as also girls, from regularly attending and complementing elementary education. The focus must be on the poorest and most vulnerable since these groups are the most disempowered and at the greatest risk of violation or denial of their right to education.

The right to education goes beyond free and compulsory education to include quality education for all. Quality is an integral part of the right to education. If the education process lacks quality, children are being denied their right. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act lays down that the curriculum should provide for learning through activities, exploration and discovery. This places an obligation on us to change our perception of children as passive receivers of knowledge, and to move beyond the convention of using textbooks as the basis of examinations. The teaching-learning process must become stress-free; and a massive programme for curricular reform should be initiated to provide for a child-friendly learning system that is more relevant and empowering. Teacher accountability systems and processes must ensure that children are learning. And that their right to learn in a child- friendly environment is not violated .Testing and redesigned to ensure that these do not force children to struggle between school and tuition centres, and bypass childhood.

7. According to the passage, which of the following is/are of paramount importance under the Right to Education?
1. Sending of children to school by all parents
2. Provision of adequate physical infrastructure in schools
3. Curricular reforms for developing child-friendly learning system
Select the correct answer using the code given below. 
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) None of the above

5. The figure drawn below gives the velocity graphs of two vehicles A and B. The straight line OKP represents the velocity of vehicle A at any instant, whereas the horizontal straight line CKD represents the velocity of vehicle B at any instant. In the figure, D is the point where perpendicular from P meets the horizontal line CKD such that PD= 1/2 LD :

What is the ratio between the distances covered by vehicles A and B in the time interval OL?
(a) 1 : 2
(b) 2 : 3
(c) 3 : 4
(d) 1 : 1

1. How many tringles does the above figure have?
(a) 18
(b) 20
(c) 22
(d) 24

13. What was the approximate ratio of sheet steel and scrap steel imports in the first three months of the year?
(a) 1 : 1
(b) 1.2 : 1
(c) 1.4 : 1
(d) 1.6 : 1

 CSAT Paper 2 Answer Key for Series A

4. How many diagonals can be drawn by joining the vertices of an octagon?
(a) 20
(b) 24
(c) 28
(d) 64

2. Consider the following sum:
•+1 •+2 •+ •3+ •1=21 •
In the above sum, • stands for
(a) 4
(b) 5
(c) 6
(d) 8

20. What is the essential message in this passage?
(a) The Right to Education now is a Fundamental Right.
(b) The Right to Education enables the children of poor and weaker sections of the society to attend schools.
(c) The Right to Free and Compulsory Education should include quality education for all.
(d) The Government as well as parents should ensure that all children attend schools.

11. By how much (measured in thousands of tons) did the import of sheet steel exceed the import of coil steel in the first three months of the year?
(a) 11
(b) 15
(c) 19
(d) 23

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12. What was the approximate total value (in $) of sheet steel imported over the six months period?
(a) 45,555
(b) 50,555
(c) 55,550
(d) 65,750

Directions for the following 3 (three) items

Rotated positions of a single solid are shown below. The various faces of the solid are marked with different symbols like dots, cross and line. Answer the three items that follow the given figures

15. What is the symbol on the face opposite to that containing two dots?
(a) Single dot
(b) Three dots
(c) Four dots
(d) Line

16. What is the symbol on the face opposite to that containing the cross?
(a) Single dot
(b) Two dots
(c) Line
(d) Four dots

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6. A train 200 metres long is moving at the rate of 40 krnph. In how many seconds will it cross a man standing near the railway line?
(a) 12
(b) 15
(c) 16
(d) 18


Though I have discarded much of past tradition and custom, and am anxious that India should rid herself of all shackles that bind and contain her and divide her people, and suppress vast numbers of them, and prevent the free development of the body and the spirit; though I seek all this, yet I do not wish to cut myself off from that past completely. I am proud of that great inheritance that has been and is, ours and I am conscious that I too, like all of us, am a link in that unbroken chain which goes back to the dawn of history in the immemorial past of India.

10. The author wants India to rid herself of certain past bonds because
(a) he is not able to see the relevance of the past
(b) there is not much to be proud of
(c) he is not interested in the history of India
(d) they obstruct her physical and spiritual growth

19. According to the passage, which one of the following is critical in bringing quality in education?
(a) Ensuring regular attendance of children as well as teachers in school
(b) Giving pecuniary benefits to teachers to motivate them
(c) Understanding the socio-cultural background of children
(d) Inculcating learning through activities and discovery

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Many pathogens that cause foodborne illnesses are unknown. Food contamination can occur at any stage from farm to plate. Since most cases of food poisoning go unreported, the true extent of global foodborne illnesses is unknown. Improvements in international monitoring have led to greater public awareness, yet the rapid globalization of food production increases consumers' vulnerability by making food harder to regulate and trace. "We have the world on our plates", says an official of WHO.

8. Which of the following is the most logical corollary to the above passage?
(a) With more options for food come more risks.
(b) Food processing is the source of all foodborne illnesses.
(c) We should depend on locally produced food only.
(d) Globalization of food production should be curtailed.

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I am a scientist, privileged to be somebody who tries to understand nature using the tools of science. But it is also clear that there are some really important questions that science cannot really answer, such as : Why is there something instead of nothing? Why are we here? In those domains, I have found that faith provides a better path to answers. I find it oddly anachronistic that in today's culture there seems to be a widespread presumption that scientific and spiritual views are incompatible.

9. Which of the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the above passage?

(a) It is the faith and not science that can finally solve all the problems of mankind.
(b) Science and faith can be mutually complementary if their proper domains are understood.
(c) There are some very fundamental questions which cannot be answered by either science or faith.
(d) In today's culture, scientific views are given more importance than spiritual views.

14.  What is the symbol on the face opposite to that containing a single dot?
(a) Four dots
(b) Three dots
(c) Two dots
(d) Cross